Troodos Botanical Garden «Α.G. Leventis»
The establishment of a botanical garden network is one of the most important goals and an ethical obligation of the Department of Forests. The first botanical garden was created by Theophrastus (Greek: Θεόφραστος: 371 BC – 287 BC), a successor to Aristotle (Greek: Aριστοτέλης, 384 BC – 322 BC) in the peripatetic school in ancient Athens. Theophrastus is considered today as the father of the botanical science.
The Troodos Botanic Garden “A.G. Leventis” is located in the Troodos National Forest Park, within the boundaries of the old Amiantos asbestos mine by the site of the “Karvounas” – Troodos road at the altitude of 1400 m. The area is included in the «Natura 2000» network of protected areas of Cyprus. The garden is a member of the Botanic Gardens Con servation International (BGCI). It is one of the three botanic gardens established by the Department of Forests. The other two are located at Athalassa (Nicosia) and Akamas (Baths of Aphrodite).
The establishment of the botanic garden started by the Department of Forests in 2004 and is still in progress enriching the area with new flora species, sections and services. Around 150 flora species can be found today at the Garden but in the near future this number is expected to be greater than 500. A visitor can see common, rare and endangered flora species.
The Troodos botanic garden is targeting towards the conservation and promotion of the Cypriot botanical heritage, focusing on the Troodos native flora. It aims to be a research, educational and recreational platform and at the same time it is an important restoration part of the abandoned asbestos mine.
At present the garden consists of the following sections:
The following sections are expected to be completed in the short run:
Visitor center and Herbarium
For better information and education the visitor center was established to provide high quality services. A well trained staff is ready to guide and provide any assistance to the visitors. Troodos flora is the main theme of the visitor center and is presented through a variety of displays including high technology devises. A documentary film (15 min.) about Troodos flora is presented on request in the presentation room in Greek or English languages with or without subtitles. The Herbariumprovides the opportunity to visitors through the use of stereoscopes and other equipment to study in detail a great variety of fresh or dry plant material and get any information they need further from the specialized library. The visitor can buy souvenirs and selected books from the small shop. The presented exhibits include the following:
Endemic Plants Section
The endemic plants constitute one of the most interesting sections of the botanical garden. This section is located in the central plane of the garden and it is designed to promote the unique endemic flora of the area. The visitor gets in touch with those species walking around the central trails or comes closer through narrow adventurous paths.
The most important plants established in the garden include the following: Cedrus brevifolia, Quercus alnifolia, Alyssum troodi, Asperula cypria, Astragalus echinus var. chionistrae, Micromeria chionistrae, Arabis purpurea, Chionodoxa lochiae, Crocus cyprius, Crocus hartmannianus, Cyclamen cyprium, Cynoglossum troodi, Euphorbia veneris, Nepeta troodi, Odontides cypria, Onosma troodi, Ornithogalum chionophilum, and Thlaspi cyprium. The intention of the Department of Forests is to enrich the section including all endemic plants of Troodos.
Riverine vegetation is located around the two ponds aswell as along their connection stream. The water starts from the higher pond, passes through awaterfall and, finally rests in the central pond to be reused again throught a pump system. A freshwater spring supplies the system to replenish any loses.
Riverine vegetation consists of indigenous as well as endemic and some exotic plants. The species planted include among others oriental alter (Alnus orientalis), oriental plane (Platanus orientalis), black poplar (Populus nigra var. afghanica), common myrtle (Myrtus communis), oleander (Nerium oleander), laurel (Laurus nobilis), holy bramble (Rubus sanctus), storax (Styrax officinalis), chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) and tamarisk (Tamarix smyrnensis).
The majority of the trees are located in the arboretum. Grouping based on the family was not always successful due to the different ecological demands and habits as well as different dimensions of the various species.
The visitor may come in touch with a large diversity of trees including calabrian and black pine (Pinus brutia και Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana), cilician fir (Abies cilicica), Cyprus cedar (Cedrus brevifolia), cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), junipers (Juniperus excelsa J. oxycedrus J. foetidissima), coastal restwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum).
Aromatic and Traditional Garden Plants
This section is located around the visitor center and contains aromatic and medicinal plants that traditionally are used in medicine or in cooking. Moreover, traditional garden plants were planted there.
The primary goal of the Department of Forests fulfilled by the construction of the garden is the dissemination of the knowledge to the public especially children and students. The educational yard contains five large tables and a board and other infrastructures to support outdoor educational activities. The yard can be used by school and other educational groups provided that it is reserved in advance.
It is located at the eastern part of the garden. The visitor can rest under the kiosk and at the same time enjoy the beautiful view as well as observe the vicinity. The picturesque landscape extends from Troodos, Madari and Papoutsa peaks up to Amathous, Limassol and Akrotiri seashores.
A permanent telescope is provided for more detailed and interesting observation.
The garden has been already activated in various directions targeting the efficiency as well as its continuous upgrading. It is an active partner in European projects (LIFE+) and it is cooperating with various universities on actions such as threatend plants in-situ and ex-situ
The botanical garden is a cornerstone in the attempt of the Department of Forests towards the conservation of the Troodos flora and the knowledge expansion regarding the species and the habitats of the area. Consequently, the continuous upgrading of the garden is necessity to the success.
Biodiversity conservation is a holistic process and each one of us must play its role according to his or her discipline. The primary mission of the Department of Forests is forest protection and expansion as well as forest biodiversity conservation. Prerequisite for the success is the respect for the natu ral environment and forests as well as the cooperation of all stakeholders and public.